More than 35 million plastic bottles are used every day in the UK alone, almost half of which are not recycled, with many finding their way into the nation's waterways and the sea. The Marine Conservation Society 's beach clean event reported 10 plastic bottles for every m of coastline, accounting only for those that have washed up on the beaches. The water industry estimates that the new scheme will 'cut plastic bottle use by tens of millions each year', as well as increasing the availability of high-quality drinking water. The project aims to create more than10, free filling stations in bars, cafes, restaurants and other businesses, as well as installing new public drinking fountains and restoring others which have fallen into disuse.
Over the years, as the demand for cleaner water becomes higher, the price of household water purifiers and bottled water has become prohibitive.
Magtibay The demand at the water refilling free filling station business plan — water stores that sell purified water — is now increasing. The quality of purified water conforms with the national standards for drinking water and is even better than the quality of water produced by traditional water supply systems in terms of removed impurities.
At present, about 3, water refilling stations have proliferated nationwide. They sell purified water of comparable quality with bottled water at a lower price.
For example, the current price per gallon of refilled purified water in Metro Manila ranges from P 50 to P per 5-gallon container or about P 2.
In Metro Manila, most of the water refilling stations are connected to the pipes of two concessionaires: Maynilad Water Company or Manila Water Company for their source of raw water while in other areas they opt to use private deep wells.
Typical water refilling stations can produce 3, to 12, litres of purified water per day. In previous years, most of the people were bringing a container to a water refilling station to buy purified water.
Nowadays, because of convenience on the part of the consumers, purified water in 5-gallon Aqua Sure, a water refilling station in Metro Manila, can deliver 5, gallons 25, litres a day to its 8, household clients.
Features of a water refilling station Structurally, water refilling station can be operated with a minimum area of at least square metres.
It comprises the following sections: To operate the water store, about five employees are needed. The typical steps are filtration several stagessoftening, and disinfection.
The machines that could be installed for such processes are the following: Multi-media sediment filter — removes sediments such as rust, sand and particles that are invisible to the naked eye; employs a total of 5 filters.
Ion exchanger — replaces hard minerals with soft minerals. Activated carbon filter — removes all organic chemicals, herbicide, pesticide, offensive odor and bad taste.
Reverse osmosis membrane — the heart of the system and the most expensive unit; removes inorganic minerals, bacteria and viruses while retaining its oxygen content. Since the filter size is very small at less than 0.
The filtration process rejects about 50 percent of raw water volume. Post-carbon filter — improves the taste of water. Ultraviolet lamp — ensures that the water is free from disease-causing micro-organisms.
Ozone generator — inhibits the growth of bacteria in the product tank and prolongs the shelf life of water. The efficiency of water purification system in removing impurities is high.
The 10 water quality parameters measured by Magtibay showed an average of 80 percent efficiency. Institutions and policies The agencies directly involved in the establishment operation of water refilling stations are as follows: DOH is the main agency responsible for protecting the health of the people.
Consequently, DOH issues implementing rules and regulations prescribing sanitary standards for water supply systems, including water refilling stations. Its main function is to provide technical assistance to local government units and to monitor DOH programme implementation which includes water quality and sanitation standards.
For water refilling stations, CHD is mandated to issue initial and operational permits. The Local Government Units LGUs are mandated by Presidential Decree PD to issue sanitary permit, sanitary clearance, health certificates, certificate of potability, drinking water site clearance and closure order if necessary and to conduct sanitary inspection of WRS.
WQAP is an organization of private firms who are engaged in the manufacture, sale, and distribution of water refilling station equipment and supplies, as well as water treatment and purification equipment and technology for household, institutional, commercial and industrial applications.
About 85 percent of its members operates water refilling stations. Guidelines for operating a water refilling station are indicated in the Supplemental Implementing Rules and Regulations on Water Supply of PD issued in Water quality monitoring Source water and product water are subject to regular monitoring by the local health office.
The national standards for drinking water contains 54 parameters that must be complied with. Only DOH-accredited laboratories are allowed to conduct water testing and analysis.
The frequency of monitoring is as follows:A business plan is a statement of goals for a company in any field. Essentially, it is a set of guidelines relating to how you will run your business. A thorough business plan outline should start with an executive summary, followed by an overview of the company and some facts about the products or services you sell.
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